WP2 – Catalysts

The development of catalysts for electrochemical ammonia synthesis has been focused on two approaches: novel high entropy alloys with five atomic elements (HEAs), developed at Uppsala University, and nanostructured catalysts, developed at IMM-CNR.

Catalysts are deposited on carbon cloth and are tested in a two compartments electrochemical cell (H-cell) as shown on the right of the image.

Ammonia synthesis is obtained at the cathode, feeded with nitrogen gas, through nitrogen reduction reaction. The source of hydrogen is the water based electrolyte.

The glass window allows to perform in operando spectroscopy measurements during the reaction.

WP5 – Direct Ammonia Fuel Cell

First prototype of the Direct Ammonia Fuel Cell has been designed and manufactured at HZB, using catalysts developed within the consortium, with Pt group metal loading lower than 0.05 mg/cm^2. The internal parts of the fuel cell are visible on the right.

WP6 – Green Ammonia cycle

For the realization of the full green ammonia cycle a test bench has been built at FZJ using a source measure unit. It is capable of emulating solar cells for direct coupling experiments reliably, accurately and independently from weather conditions. It will be employed to evaluate the devices under fluctuating power conditions.